Skip to content

Citronella oil

Since ancient times, citronella oil—a fragrant essential oil made from the leaves and stems of several Cymbopogon species—has been a mainstay in natural health and wellness. This multipurpose oil, which...

Since ancient times, citronella oil—a fragrant essential oil made from the leaves and stems of several Cymbopogon species—has been a mainstay in natural health and wellness. This multipurpose oil, which has a noticeable citrus scent, is well-known for its many applications, which include aromatherapy and insect repellant. However, what makes citronella oil unique, and how can you use it in your everyday life? Let's explore the realm of citronella oil and learn all of its mysteries.

Definition of Citronella Oil

Essential oils such as citronella oil are extracted from the leaves and stems of many species of lemongrass, especially Cymbopogon winterianus (Java type) and Cymbopogon nardus (Ceylon type). This oil, which is well-known for its crisp, lemony aroma, is abundant in substances like geraniol, citronellol, and citronellal, all of which add to its potent aroma and several health advantages. In addition to being utilized in many home and medical uses, the oil is frequently found in perfumes, soaps, and cosmetics.

Brief History and Origin

Citronella oil has a long history; its application has been recorded in several Asian traditional medical systems. Citronella oil is a native of tropical Asia, including Sri Lanka and Indonesia, and its medicinal qualities have been utilized by many ancient cultures. It was a mainstay in religious and cultural rites and used to heal a variety of illnesses, from skin infections to stomach problems. Citronella oil's aromatic qualities made it a useful ingredient in incense and fragrances, which furthered its historical significance.

Citronella oil

Importance in Modern Times

Because of its many uses and inherent advantages, citronella oil is still very important in today's society. Citronella oil is most known for its ability to repel insects. It is a common component in natural bug sprays and candles, offering a safer substitute for chemical repellents. Citronella oil is also used in aromatherapy because of its capacity to reduce stress, elevate mood, and enhance mental clarity. The oil's usefulness in contemporary homes is further increased by its antibacterial and antifungal qualities, which also make it an efficient natural cleaner and disinfectant. As people look for healthier and more environmentally friendly options, citronella oil is becoming more and more popular as people become more aware of the advantages of natural and sustainable products.

What is Citronella Oil?

The aromatic essential oil known as citronella is extracted from the leaves and stems of several species of Cymbopogon, or lemongrass. This essential oil is well known for its crisp, lemony perfume and its wide range of applications, which include aromatherapy and natural insect repellant. Citronella oil is a useful and adaptable addition to any home because it is frequently used in natural treatments, personal care products, and household cleaners.

Citronella oil

Extraction Process

Steam distillation is a commonly used extraction process for citronella oil, which guarantees the oil's fragrant and medicinal qualities are preserved. This is how the procedure operates:

Harvesting: When the oil content is highest in the early morning, fresh leaves and stems of the Cymbopogon plant are gathered.

Preparation: To optimize the surface area for oil extraction, the plant material is cleaned and chopped into smaller pieces.

Steam Distillation: Steam is passed through the prepared plant material in a distillation machine. The steam's heat and moisture assist in releasing the plant cells' essential oils.

Condensation: The steam, now carrying the essential oil, is passed through a cooling system where it condenses back into a liquid form. This mixture of water and oil is collected in a separator.

Separation: Since essential oils are less dense than water, they float on top and can be easily separated. The final product is pure citronella oil, ready for use.

Main Components

Citronella oil contains several key components that contribute to its unique properties and benefits. The primary constituents of citronella oil include:

  • Citronellal: This compound is responsible for the oil’s distinctive lemony scent and is also a potent insect repellent.
  • Geraniol: Known for its sweet, floral aroma, geraniol has antifungal and antibacterial properties, making it useful in a variety of applications.
  • Citronellol: Similar to citronellal, citronellol has a fresh, citrusy fragrance and contributes to the oil’s insect-repelling abilities.

These components not only give citronella oil its pleasant aroma but also its wide range of therapeutic and practical uses.

Types of Citronella Oil

There are two main types of citronella oil, each derived from different species of Cymbopogon and possessing slightly different characteristics:

Ceylon Citronella Oil (Cymbopogon nardus)

The Sri Lankan native lemongrass plant Cymbopogon nardus is used to obtain ceylon citronella oil. Because of its softer aroma, this type of citronella oil is frequently used in soaps, candles, and perfumes. Though often regarded as less strong than its cousin, it is also efficient as an insect repellent.

Java Citronella Oil (Cymbopogon winterianus)

Java citronella oil is derived from Cymbopogon winterianus, a species found predominantly in Indonesia. This type of citronella oil has a stronger, more intense aroma and a higher concentration of active compounds, particularly citronellal. As a result, Java citronella oil is often preferred for use in insect repellents and other applications where a more potent effect is desired.

Both types of citronella oil share similar properties and uses, but the choice between them may depend on personal preference and the specific requirements of the application.

Historical Use of Citronella Oil

The history of citronella oil is extensive and encompasses many different eras and civilizations. Long before its qualities were confirmed by contemporary research, its many advantages were understood and put to use. Citronella oil has been a major part of health, wellbeing, and cultural traditions from ancient times, even before the advent of conventional medicine.

Ancient Civilizations

The use of citronella oil can be traced back thousands of years to ancient civilizations, particularly in Asia. Early records indicate that citronella oil was prized for its aromatic qualities and therapeutic benefits.


  • India: In ancient India, citronella oil was a staple in Ayurvedic medicine. It was used to treat a variety of ailments, from fever and digestive issues to skin conditions. The oil’s refreshing scent also made it a popular choice for religious and ceremonial purposes.
  • China: Ancient Chinese texts mention the use of citronella oil for its medicinal properties. It was employed to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and as a remedy for colds and flu.
  • Egypt: Citronella oil was part of the extensive repertoire of essential oils used by the ancient Egyptians. They valued its antiseptic properties and often used it in balms and ointments for healing wounds and skin infections.

Traditional Medicine

In traditional medicine systems around the world, citronella oil has been a go-to remedy for a range of health issues. Its effectiveness in treating various conditions has cemented its place in natural medicine.

  • Ayurveda: Citronella oil is well-known as a potent stimulant and detoxifier in Ayurvedic treatment. It is a tool for balancing the doshas, or body energy, and is frequently used in formulas for the treatment of skin issues, digestive issues, and joint discomfort.
  • Chinese traditional medicine (TCM): Citronella oil is prized in TCM for its capacity to encourage blood and qi (vital energy) flow. It is frequently used to treat respiratory disorders, ease muscle pain, and enhance circulation.
  • Indigenous Practices: Citronella oil has long been employed in traditional healing rituals by indigenous populations in Southeast Asia. It is used to massage oils for its calming and energizing properties, rubbed to insect stings, and used in steam treatments for respiratory problems.

Cultural Significance

Beyond its medicinal uses, citronella oil holds cultural significance in various societies. Its pleasant aroma and versatile applications have made it a beloved natural resource.


  • Religious and Spiritual Practices: Citronella oil has been used in religious and spiritual ceremonies for centuries. Its uplifting scent is believed to purify the air and enhance the spiritual atmosphere. In some cultures, it is used in rituals to ward off negative energy and attract positive vibes.
  • Traditional Celebrations: In regions where citronella plants are native, the oil is often used during traditional celebrations and festivals. It is used to create fragrant decorations, in perfumed oils, and in offerings to deities.
  • Everyday Life: For many people in tropical regions, citronella oil is an essential part of daily life. It is used in household products to keep insects away, in personal care routines for its skin benefits, and in aromatherapy to improve mood and well-being.

Health Benefits of Citronella Oil

There is more to citronella oil than just a nice scent. It provides a range of health advantages that can elevate your quality of life and well-being. Here, we'll look at some of the main health advantages of citronella oil, such as its ability to reduce pain, reduce inflammation, and have antibacterial and antifungal effects.

Antibacterial Properties

One of the most notable health benefits of citronella oil is its powerful antibacterial properties. These properties make citronella oil an effective natural cleaner and disinfectant. Here’s how it can be used:

  1. Surface Cleaning: To disinfect surfaces in your home, particularly in the kitchen and bathroom where bacteria thrive, add citronella oil to homemade cleaning solutions.
  2. Hand Sanitizer: To make a natural hand sanitizer that successfully kills germs without the harsh chemicals found in commercial products, mix a few drops of citronella oil with a carrier oil and some aloe vera gel.
  3. Wound Care: Citronella oil has antibacterial qualities that make it useful for cleaning small wounds and scrapes. This helps to stop infections and hasten the healing process.

Antifungal Effects

Fungal infections can be stubborn and challenging to treat. Fortunately, citronella oil exhibits strong antifungal effects, making it a valuable natural remedy for various fungal conditions. Here's how you can use it:

  • Athlete's Foot: Citronella oil can be diluted with a carrier oil and applied to the feet to combat athlete's foot, a common fungal infection.
  • Ringworm: This oil can help treat ringworm, a contagious fungal infection that affects the skin.
  • Nail Fungus: Applying diluted citronella oil to affected nails can help reduce fungal growth and improve nail health over time.

Anti-inflammatory Benefits

Inflammation is the root cause of many chronic diseases and can lead to discomfort and pain. Citronella oil's anti-inflammatory properties can help alleviate inflammation and its associated symptoms. Here’s how it can be beneficial:


  • Arthritis Relief: Massaging diluted citronella oil into arthritic joints can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.
  • Skin Inflammation: Citronella oil can be used to soothe inflamed skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis, providing relief from redness and itching.
  • Muscle Aches: Applying citronella oil to sore muscles can help reduce inflammation and speed up recovery after intense physical activity.

Pain Relief

In addition to its anti-inflammatory benefits, citronella oil also has analgesic properties, making it effective for pain relief. Here are some ways to use citronella oil for pain management:

  • Headaches: Inhaling the aroma of citronella oil or applying it to the temples can help relieve tension headaches.
  • Joint Pain: Massaging a blend of citronella oil and a carrier oil onto painful joints can provide relief from pain and stiffness.
  • Menstrual Cramps: Citronella oil can be used in a warm compress or massage oil to alleviate menstrual cramps and discomfort.

Citronella Oil for Skincare

Citronella oil is a great addition to your skincare routine and isn't just for refreshing the air and keeping flies away. With so many advantages, this natural essential oil can help you attain skin that is clearer, healthier, and more beautiful. Let's explore the uses of citronella oil, including its ability to relieve rashes and irritations of the skin, as well as its moisturizing properties.

Acne Treatment

Acne can be a persistent and frustrating skin condition, but citronella oil's antibacterial properties make it an effective natural remedy for combating breakouts. Here's how it works:


  • Antibacterial Action: Citronella oil helps to eliminate the bacteria that cause acne, reducing the likelihood of future breakouts.
  • Oil Control: It helps regulate sebum production, preventing the skin from becoming too oily, which can contribute to acne.
  • Application: To use citronella oil for acne, dilute a few drops with a carrier oil (such as jojoba or coconut oil) and apply it to the affected areas using a cotton swab. You can also add a drop to your regular facial cleanser to boost its acne-fighting properties.

Skin Irritations and Rashes

Skin irritations and rashes can be uncomfortable and unsightly, but citronella oil can provide relief thanks to its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Here's how it can help:


  • Soothing Inflammation: Citronella oil helps reduce redness and swelling associated with skin irritations and rashes.
  • Healing Properties: Its antiseptic properties help prevent infections that can occur from scratching or open wounds.
  • Application: For skin irritations and rashes, dilute citronella oil with a carrier oil and gently apply it to the affected area. You can also add a few drops to a warm bath for a full-body soothing experience.

Moisturizing Effects

Keeping your skin hydrated is essential for maintaining its health and appearance. Citronella oil can help with this too:


  • Hydration: Citronella oil forms a protective barrier on the skin, helping to lock in moisture and prevent dryness.
  • Softening Skin: It helps to soften rough, dry patches, leaving your skin feeling smooth and supple.
  • Application: Mix a few drops of citronella oil with your favorite moisturizer or carrier oil and apply it to your skin after showering to seal in moisture.

Citronella oil has several uses in skincare; it may be used to cure acne, relieve irritations, and maintain the health and hydration of your skin. Citronella oil can help you get the radiant, healthy skin you've always desired, whether you use it in your daily moisturizer, as part of a relaxing bath, or as a cleanser for your face.

Citronella Oil in Aromatherapy

Citronella oil has several uses in skincare; it may be used to cure acne, relieve irritations, and maintain the health and hydration of your skin. Citronella oil can help you get the radiant, healthy skin you've always desired, whether you use it in your daily moisturizer, as part of a relaxing bath, or as a cleanser for your face.

Stress Relief

Stress is a common issue that many people face every day. Citronella oil can be a natural remedy to help alleviate stress and promote relaxation. Here’s how it works:


  1. Aromatic Diffusion: Adding a few drops of citronella oil to a diffuser can fill your space with a calming aroma, helping to reduce anxiety and stress. The soothing scent can create a peaceful environment, making it perfect for unwinding after a long day.
  2. Bath Soak: Mixing citronella oil with Epsom salts and adding it to your bath can provide a relaxing soak that eases tension in the body and mind.
  3. Massage: Combining citronella oil with a carrier oil and using it for a gentle massage can help release muscle tension and promote overall relaxation.

Improving Mood

The uplifting scent of citronella oil makes it an excellent choice for improving moods and combating feelings of sadness or depression. Here are some ways to use citronella oil to boost your mood:


  1. Diffusing in Workspaces: You may help create a focus- and concentration-promoting environment in your workspace by adding citronella oil to a diffuser. Its crisp aroma might increase attention and help dispel brain fog.
  2. Study Sessions: Citronella oil inhalation can help students or those studying intensely stay focused and retain more knowledge. It can be rubbed onto a cotton ball that is placed close by or used in a personal inhaler.
  3. Combination with Peppermint Oil: The concentration-enhancing properties of citronella oil can be amplified by blending it with peppermint oil. These two oils combined can give off a revitalizing and invigorating scent that helps you stay focused and awake.

Enhancing Concentration

Maintaining focus and concentration can be challenging, especially in a world full of distractions. Citronella oil can help enhance concentration and mental clarity, making it a valuable tool for improving productivity. Here’s how you can use it:

  1. Diffusing in Workspaces: You may help create a focus- and concentration-promoting environment in your workspace by adding citronella oil to a diffuser. Its crisp aroma might increase attention and help dispel brain fog.
  2. Study Sessions: Citronella oil inhalation can help students or those studying intensely stay focused and retain more knowledge. It can be rubbed onto a cotton ball that is placed close by or used in a personal inhaler.
  3. Combination with Peppermint Oil: The concentration-enhancing properties of citronella oil can be amplified by blending it with peppermint oil. These two oils combined can give off a revitalizing and invigorating scent that helps you stay focused and awake.

Insect Repellent Properties of Citronella Oil

Many people are aware of citronella oil's powerful insect-repelling abilities. For ages, people have used this all-natural solution to ward off bothersome insects. Citronella oil is a practical and environmentally responsible way to get rid of pests, including mosquitoes. Let's examine its efficacy, safety, and capacity as an insect repellent.

Mosquito Repellent

The most well-known use of citronella oil is probably as an efficient insect repellant. In addition to being bothersome, mosquitoes can spread dangerous illnesses, including the Zika virus, dengue fever, and malaria. How Citronella Oil Assists

  • Masking Human Scents: Citronella oil works by disguising the smells of humans, such as lactic acid and carbon dioxide, which are known to attract mosquitoes. Mosquitoes find it more difficult to find their human targets as a result.
  • Application Techniques: To keep mosquitoes away, apply citronella oil in a variety of ways. When diluted with a carrier oil, it can be sprayed topically, diffused, and added to candles and sprays.
  • Effectiveness: Research has demonstrated that citronella oil can offer notable defense against mosquito bites. However, depending on the oil's content and the surrounding circumstances, its efficacy could change. It could be required to reapply for continued protection.

Repelling Other Pests

In addition to mosquitoes, citronella oil is effective against a variety of other pests. Here’s a look at its broader pest-repellent properties:

  • Flies: You may help keep flies out of your living areas by using citronella oil. These insects can be discouraged by creating a barrier around windows and openings with a diluted solution sprayed on them.
  • Ants: You can use citronella oil in spray form or wipe it down pathways and access points where ants are frequently observed to deter ants.
  • Ticks: Since ticks are recognized to be carriers of Lyme disease, citronella oil can also be used to repel ticks. You can lessen your chance of getting bitten by ticks by applying a diluted mixture to your skin and clothes.
  • Other Insects: Citronella oil is a flexible solution for a range of pest issues because its repellent qualities also work on other insects, such as fleas and gnats.

Safety and Effectiveness

While citronella oil is a natural and generally safe option, it's important to use it correctly to ensure both safety and effectiveness.

  • Guidelines for Dilution: Before applying citronella oil to your skin, always dilute it with a carrier oil. One or two drops of citronella oil per teaspoon of carrier oil is the standard dilution ratio.
  • Skin Sensitivity: Before applying citronella oil to larger skin areas, test the oil on a piece of your skin. It's possible for some people to get allergic reactions or irritation.
  • Environmental elements: Wind and humidity are two examples of environmental elements that might affect how effective citronella oil is. Reapplication may be required more regularly in outdoor environments.
  • Children and Pets: Exercise caution when using citronella oil in their presence. Even while it's typically harmless, kids can be more susceptible to problems because of their more sensitive skin. Don't use it on babies, and if you have any questions, see a doctor. Avoid using it on infants and consult with a healthcare provider if you have concerns.

How to Use Citronella Oil Safely

Citronella oil is a versatile and natural solution for repelling insects, but like any essential oil, it should be used with care to ensure safety and effectiveness. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to use citronella oil safely:

Topical Application

When applying citronella oil to your skin, it's essential to dilute it properly to avoid irritation. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Dilution Ratio: Combine 1-2 drops of citronella oil with 5ml of a teaspoon of a carrier oil, like jojoba, coconut, or almond oil. This lessens the possibility of irritating the skin.
  2. Patch Test: Do a patch test first before putting the diluted oil on more exposed skin. To test for any negative responses, apply a small amount to your inner forearm and wait a day or two.
  3. Steer Clear of Sensitive places: Citronella oil shouldn't be used in delicate places like the eyes, mucous membranes, or broken skin.
  4. Reapplication: If you're using citronella oil as a bug repellent, give it another shot every few hours or as needed, particularly if you're perspiring or in a humid area.
Citronella oil

Aromatherapy and Diffusion

Using citronella oil in a diffuser is a safe and effective way to repel insects indoors. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Use of Diffuser: Fill your diffuser with the recommended amount of water and add three to five drops of citronella oil. Switch on the diffuser and allow the scent to permeate the space.
  2. Ventilation: To avoid any possible respiratory discomfort, make sure the room has adequate ventilation when using a diffuser.
  3. Duration: To prevent overexposure, keep diffusion sessions to a maximum of 30 to 60 minutes at a time.

Household Cleaning

Citronella oil can be added to homemade cleaning solutions to disinfect surfaces and repel insects. Here’s a simple recipe:

  1. Cleaning Solution: Fill a spray bottle with 10–20 drops of citronella oil, one cup water, and one cup white vinegar. Thoroughly shake before using.
  2. Use: Mist surfaces with the solution, then use a cloth to wipe them clean. This can assist in keeping germs and insects out of places like kitchens and restrooms.

Outdoor Use

For outdoor activities, citronella oil can be used in various ways to keep insects at bay.

  1. Citronella Candles: Buy or manufacture your own citronella candles by melting candle wax and adding a few drops of citronella oil. To keep mosquitoes away from outdoor seating places, place candles around them.
  2. Yard Spray: Use a garden sprayer to apply a solution made of 20–30 drops of citronella oil and one gallon of water to outdoor spaces. This can assist in lowering the quantity of insects in your yard.
  3. Camping Gear: To keep insects away from tents and sleeping bags during outdoor excursions, apply a diluted solution of citronella oil to them.
Citronella oil


Citronella oil is a remarkably versatile and beneficial essential oil that has been valued for centuries. From its well-known insect repellent properties to its health benefits, including antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and pain relief effects, citronella oil offers a natural and effective alternative to chemical-based products. Whether you’re looking to keep mosquitoes at bay, treat minor skin conditions, or enhance your cleaning routine, citronella oil can be a valuable addition to your home.

When used safely and correctly, citronella oil can provide a multitude of benefits without the risks associated with synthetic alternatives. By diluting the oil properly, conducting patch tests, and following recommended usage guidelines, you can harness the power of this natural remedy to improve your well-being and create a healthier environment. Whether applied topically, diffused in the air, or incorporated into household products, citronella oil stands out as a powerful, natural solution for a variety of everyday challenges.



Your cart is currently empty.

Start Shopping

Select options